Through innovative research CENR scientists are investigating how some

Contaminated soils, treated soils, municipal and industrial wastes may be safely reused on land to return maximum value without creating further contamination issues. CENR researchers are focused on answering some of the broad questions related to the reuse of solid and liquid wastes, in particular, investigating the innovative use of organic wastes in agriculture for their nutrient content (nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur), reuse of mineral solid wastes as soil replacements (either as an artificial soil in urban settings, or as a soil replacement in industrial and mining situations), and the use of metallic manufacturing wastes for their micronutrient value (e.g. copper, zinc, manganese).